What are the Types of Nerve Injuries and Dysfunction in the Torso?
The body has 12 pairs of thoracic nerves (related to the chest). The nerves in the human torso include the abdominal wall nerves, which provide sensation to the skin and groin areas. The nerve system in the chest can be affected by trauma, shingles, pulled muscles, strained muscles, and other conditions. The types of nerve injuries and dysfunction in the torso include:
- Brachial neuritis: The brachial plexus is a nerve network in the shoulder that sends sensory signals to arms and hands. Brachial neuritis can involve radiating pain that travels to the chest area. It often affects just one side of the body.
- Compression mononeuropathy: This condition is also termed “nerve compression” or “nerve entrapment.” When nerves serving the torso are constricted, it can lead to ongoing pain and other symptoms.
- Thoracic (lumbar) nerve compression: When this nerve-specific condition occurs when a nerve in the thoracic region of the spine (upper back) is compressed. Often called a “pinched nerve,” this condition can lead to pain, weakness, numbness, and other symptoms.
- Nerve degeneration: The high blood sugar associated with Type 2 diabetes can lead to nerve degeneration. The location of the nerve degeneration can cause pain, bowel or bladder issues, or sexual dysfunction.
- Vascular-related nerve damage: Various conditions can lead to nerve damage in the torso, including diabetes, smoking, high blood pressure, inflammation, and thickening of blood vessel walls, which can lead to nerve damage in several areas of the torso, from chest to abdomen and groin.
- Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome: This is among the most common causes of abdominal pain, affecting both children and adults. It occurs when the nerves are pinched or trapped within the abdominal wall muscle.
- Cyclist’s syndrome: This condition affects the nerves in the groin and is officially termed “pudendal neuralgia.” It is triggered in many cases by prolonged sitting, causing pressure on the nerves in the area.